INCLUSIVE PSYCHOLOGY ARCHIVE
Archive of William Braud (1942-2012)
The following articles were written by William Braud, Ph.D., on various topics in the area of extended research methods and approaches.
- Braud, W. (1994). Toward an integral methodology for transpersonal studies. Unpublished manuscript, Institute of Transpersonal Psychology, Palo Alto, CA. [pdf]
- Anderson, R., Braud, W., & Valle, R. (1996). Disciplined inquiry for transpersonal studies: Old and new approaches to research. Working Paper Number 1996-1 of the William James Center for Consciousness Studies, Institute of Transpersonal Psychology, Palo Alto, CA. [pdf]
- Braud, W. (1997). Thoughts on research and clinical practice. The Mind’s Eye: An Online Transpersonal Psychology Journal, 1(2). [pdf]
- Braud, W. (1998). Can research be transpersonal? Transpersonal Psychology Review, 2(3), 9-17. [pdf]
- Braud, W. (1998). Projects of transcendence at ITP. E[xceptional] H[human] E[xperience News, 5(1), 8-9. [pdf]
- Braud, W. (1998). In support of single-case clinical studies. Alternative Therapies, 4(3), 88. [Letter to the Editor] [pdf]
- Braud, W. (2001). On qualitative methods and researcher qualities and preparation. Unpublished manuscript, Institute of Transpersonal Psychology, Palo Alto, CA [pdf]
- Braud, W. (2002). The ley and the labyrinth: Universalistic and particularistic approaches to knowing. Transpersonal Psychology Review, 6(2), 47-62. [pdf]
- Braud, W. (2004). An introduction to Organic Inquiry: Honoring the transpersonal and spiritual in research praxis. Journal of Transpersonal Psychology, 36, 18-25. [pdf]
- Anderson, R., & Braud, W. (2007). Transpersonal research from a global perspective. Unpublished manuscript, Institute of Transpersonal Psychology, Palo Alto, CA. [pdf]
- Braud, W. (2009). Dragons, spheres, and flashlights: Appropriate research approaches for studying workplace spirituality. Journal of Management, Spirituality, and Religion, 6(1), 59-75. [pdf]
- Braud, William. (2010, April 9). Towards a more satisfying and effective form of research. Contemporary Psychotherapy, 2(1). Retrieved April 9, 2010, from http://contemporarypsychotherapy.org/vol-2-no-1/towards-a-more-satisfying-and-effective-form-of-research/ . [pdf]
- Braud, W. (2011). Integrating Yoga epistemology and ontology into an expanded integral approach to research. In M. Cornelissen, G. Misra, & S. Varma (Eds.), Foundations of Indian psychology, Vol. 1 (pp. 288-311). New Delhi: Pearson. [pdf]
The following articles were written by William Braud, Ph.D., on various topics in the areas of parapsychology, psi research, and psychical research.
- Braud, W. (1975). Psi-conducive states. Journal of Communication, 25(1), 142-152. [pdf]
- Braud, W. (1982). Nonevident psi. Parapsychology Review, 13, 16-18. [pdf]
- Braud, W. (1983). Toward the quantitative assessment of “meaningful coincidences.” Parapsychology Review, 14, 5-10. [pdf]
- Braud, W. G., & Schlitz, M. J. (1989). A methodology for the objective study of transpersonal imagery. Journal of Scientific Exploration, 3(1), 43-63. [pdf]
- Braud, W. (1992). Remote mental influence of electrodermal activity. Journal of Indian Psychology, 10(1), 1-10. [pdf]
- Braud, W. (1993). On the use of living target systems in distant mental influence research. In L. Coly & J. D. S. McMahon (Eds.), Psi Research Methodology: A Re-examination. New York: Parapsychology Foundation, pp. 149-188. [pdf]
- Braud, W., Shafer, D., & Andrews, S. (1993). Reactions to an unseen gaze (remote attention): A review, with new data on autonomic staring detection. Journal of Parapsychology, 57(4), 373-390. Click here http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m2320/is_n4_v57/ai_15667541/ for an online full-text version of this article.
- Braud, W., Shafer, D., & Andrews, S. (1993). Further studies of autonomic detection of remote staring: Replication, new control procedures, and personality correlates.Journal of Parapsychology, 57(4), 391-409. Click here http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m2320/is_n4_v57/ai_15667545/ for an online full-text version of this article. NOTE: Several figures are not included in this version.
- Braud, W. (1994). Reaching for consciousness: Expansions and complements. Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research, 88(3), 185-206. [pdf]
- Braud, W. (1994). Honoring our natural experiences. Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research, 88(4), 293-308. [pdf]
- Braud, W. (1994). Can our intentions interact directly with the physical world? European Journal of Parapsychology, 10, 78-90. [pdf]
- Braud, W., Shafer, D., McNeill, K., & Guerra, V. (1995). Attention focusing facilitated through remote mental interaction. Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research, 89(2), 103-115. [pdf]
- Schlitz, M., & Braud, W. (1997). Distant intentionality and healing: Assessing the evidence. Alternative Therapies, 3(6), 62-73. [pdf]
- Braud, W. (1999). Transcending the limits of time. Inner Edge, 2(6), 16-18.[pdf]
- Braud, W. (2000) Wellness implications of retroactive intentional influence: Exploring an outrageous hypothesis. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, 6(1), 37-48. [pdf]
- Braud W. (2000). Reply to Mr. Kennedy and Dr. Kanthamani. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, 6(3), 23. [pdf]
- Braud W. (2000). Reply to Dr. Anick. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, 6(3), 119. [pdf]
- Braud, W. (2000) Toward more subtle awareness: Meanings, implications, and possible new directions for psi research. Unpublished manuscript, Institute of Transpersonal Psychology, Palo Alto, CA. [pdf]
- Braud, W. (2002). Psi favorable conditions. In V. W. Rammohan (Ed), New frontiers of human science (pp. 95-118). Jefferson, NC: McFarland. [pdf]
- Braud, W. (2003). Introduction. In W. Braud, Distant mental influence: Its contributions to science, healing, and human interactions (pp. xvii-xlvii). Charlottesville, VA: Hampton Roads. [pdf]
- Braud, W. (2005). The farther reaches of psi research: Future choices and possibilities. In M. A. Thalbourne & L. Storm (Eds.), Parapsychology in the twenty-first century: Essays on the future of psychical research (pp. 38-62). Jefferson, NC: McFarland. [pdf]
- Braud, W. (2006). Conversations about survival: Novel theoretical, methodological, and empirical approaches to afterlife research. In L. Storm & M. A. Thalbourne (Eds.), The survival of human consciousness: Essays on the possibility of life after death (pp. 75-93). Jefferson, NC: McFarland. [pdf]
- Braud, W. (2008). Patanjali Yoga and siddhis: Their relevance to parapsychological theory and research. In K. R. Rao, A. C. Paranjpe, & A. K. Dalal (Eds.), Handbook of Indian psychology (pp. 217-243). New Delhi, India: Cambridge University Press (India)/Foundation Books. [pdf]
- Braud, W. (2010). Psi and distance: Is a conclusion of distance independence premature? Retrieved February 14, 2010, from http://inclusivepsychology.com/archives.html [pdf]
- Braud, W. (2010). Patanjali Yoga Sutras and parapsychological research: Exploring matches and mismatches. In K. R. Rao (Ed.), Yoga and parapsychology: Empirical research and theoretical studies(pp. 241-260). Delhi, India: Motilal Barnarsidass. [pdf]
The following articles were written by William Braud, Ph.D., on topics in the area of consciousness studies.
- Braud, W. (1994). The role of mind in the physical world: A psychologist’s view. European Journal of Parapsychology, 10, 66-77. [pdf]
- Braud, W, (1994). Can our intentions interact directly with the physical world? European Journal of Parapsychology, 10, 78-90. [pdf]
- Braud, W. (2002). Brains, science, and nonordinary and transcendent experiences: Can conventional concepts and theories adequately address mystical and paranormal experiences? In R. Joseph. (Ed.), NeuroTheology: Brain, science, spirituality, and religious experience (pp. 143-158). San Jose, CA: University Press California. [pdf]
- Braud, W. (2003). Nonordinary and transcendent experiences: Transpersonal aspects of consciousness. Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research, 97(1-2), 1-26. [pdf]
- Braud, W. (2005). The sense of being stared at: Fictional, physical, perceptual, or attentional/intentional? Journal of Consciousness Studies, 12(6), 66-71. [pdf]
The following articles were written by William Braud, Ph.D., on various topics in the area of spirituality.
- Braud, W. (1994). Empirical explorations of prayer, distant healing, and remote mental influence. Journal of Religion and Psychical Research, 17(2), 62-73. [pdf]
- Braud, W. (1995). Parapsychology and spirituality: Implications and intimations. ReVision: A Journal of Consciousness and Transformation, 18(1), 36-43. [pdf]
- Braud, W. (2002). Thoughts on the ineffability of the mystical experience. The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 12(3), 141-160. [pdf]
- Braud, W. (2003). [Review of the book Psychology, religion, and spirituality by David Fontana]. Journal of Transpersonal Psychology, 35, 169-172. [pdf]
The following articles were written by William Braud, Ph.D., on various topics in the area of exceptional human experiences (EHEs)
- Braud, W. (1995). An experience of timelessness. Exceptional Human Experience, 13(1), 64-66. [pdf]
- Braud, W. (1995). Response to White’s commentary on “An experience of timelessness.” Exceptional Human Experience, 13(1), 67-68. [pdf]
- Braud, W. (1999). On varieties of dissociation: An essay review of Broken images, broken selves: Dissociative narratives in clinical practice. Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research, 93, 116-140. [pdf]
- Hastings, A., Hutton, M., Braud, W., Bennett, C., Berk, I., Boynton, T., Dawn, C., Ferguson, E., Goldman, A., Greene, E., Hewett, M., Lind, V., McLellan, K., & Steinbach-Humphrey, S. (2002). Psychomanteum research: Experiences and effects on bereavement. Omega: Journal of Death and Dying, 43(3), 211-228. [pdf]
- Palmer, G., & Braud, W. (2002). Exceptional human experiences, disclosure, and a more inclusive view of physical, psychological, and spiritual well-being. Journal of Transpersonal Psychology, 34(1), 29-61. [pdf]
- Braud, W. (2007, April 25). Rhea White: An appreciation. Article posted on Parapsychology Foundation’s Lyceum Library, archived at http://www.pflyceum.org/179.html [pdf]
- Braud, W. (2012). Health and well-being benefits of exceptional human experiences. In C. D. Murray (Ed.), Mental health and anomalous experience. New York: Nova Science Publishers. [pdf]
The following articles were written by William Braud, Ph.D., on various topics in the area of transpersonal studies.
- Braud, W. (1992). Human interconnectedness: Research indications. ReVision: A Journal of Consciousness and Transformation, 14, 140-148. [pdf]
- Braud, W. (1994). Assumptions, beliefs, white crows, and connections. Invited presentation, Conference on Earth and Soul: Ecopsychology and the Healing of Self, Earth, and Society, sponsored by Institute of Transpersonal Psychology, Palo Alto, CA. [pdf]
- Braud, W. (1997). Limits and limitlessness. The Mind’s Eye: An Online Transpersonal Psychology Journal, 1(2). [pdf]
- Braud, W. (2001). Experiencing tears of wonder-joy: Seeing with the heart’s eye. Journal of Transpersonal Psychology, 33, 99-111. [pdf]
- Braud, W.G. (2003). Transpersonal images: Implications for health. In A. A. Sheikh (Ed.). Healing images: The role of imagination in health (pp. 444-466). Amityville, NY: Baywood Publishing Company. [pdf]
- Braud, W. (2006). Educating the “More” in holistic transpersonal higher education: A 30+ year perspective on the approach of the Institute of Transpersonal Psychology. Journal of Transpersonal Psychology, 38(2), 133-158.[pdf]
Note: William Braud was granted permission to include the articles above from publishers in 2012 and granted to this archive by his widow Winona Schroeter in 2017.
The complete InclusivePsychology is available at www.inclusivepsychology.com.
William G. Braud
With the death of William Braud on May 13, 2012, colleagues at Sofia University (formerly the Institute of Transpersonal Psychology) and around the world lost a beloved friend and kindred soul. While all of us knew he was smarter than most, what we miss is his kindness, tenderness, integrity, and generosity. All brilliance pales before such qualities. In his last days, through his wife Winona Schroeter, William asked us to render no obituaries, memorial services, and the like and that his ashes be scattered among the flowers in the garden of his and Winona’s home near Austin, TX in a private family service. Therefore, this memoriam acknowledging his life and our gratitude to him is short and uses or paraphrases William’s own words whenever possible.
William Braud earned his Ph.D. in experimental psychology at the University of Iowa in 1967. Thereafter, at the University of Houston, he taught and conducted research in learning, memory, motivation, psychophysiology, and the biochemistry of memory. At the Mind Science Foundation in San Antonio, TX, he directed research in parapsychology; health and well-being influences of relaxation, imagery, positive emotions, and intention; and psychoneuroimmunology. From 1992 through his retirement in 2010, he was Professor, Research Director, and Dissertation Director at Sofia University in Palo Alto, CA. At ITP, he taught research-related graduate psychology courses, supervised dissertations, and conducted quantitative and qualitative research studies in areas of exceptional human experiences (mystical, intuitive, peak, transformative) and their interpretations, meanings, and life impacts; personal and spiritual change and transformation; alternative ways of knowing; the development and promotion of more inclusive and integrated inquiry approaches for transpersonal studies and science in general; and examining some underlying assumptions of science, psychology, transpersonal psychology, and certain spiritual and wisdom traditions. William was a compassionate and devoted teacher, research supervisor, and colleague. He wrote prolifically, publishing over 293 publications, including professional articles, book chapters, and three books. He served on Editorial Boards of distinguished professional journals in transpersonal psychology, parapsychology, exceptional human experience, and consciousness studies. William’s website [now available above] provides electronic copies of several dozen of his published articles and book chapters that attest to both his generosity and broad interests in transpersonal psychology; alternative ways of knowing, being, and doing; spiritual development; and mysticism.
I am blessed to have been William’s friend, colleague, and co-author for twenty years. Together we wrote two books: Transpersonal Research Methods for the Social Sciences (Braud & Anderson, 1998) and Transforming Self and Others Through Research (Anderson & Braud, 2011). In the writing of these books and other collegial activities, we never disagreed about anything. No matter what the issues, deadlines, or challenges were, we both came to the same conclusions independently. We also laughed a lot and had fun. In the small and large events of life, I will honor his memory by remembering his faithfulness to integrity and compassion.
William wrote more erudite articles and chapters than I will ever write. I was the succinct and haiku writer in our collegial relationship. Therefore, I close my tribute to his remarkable person by quoting his own words describing a mystical experience of his own because this is the William I knew:
I get up and walk to the kitchen, thinking about what a timeless experience would be like. I direct my attention to everything that is happening at the present moment—what is happening here, locally, inside of me and near me, but nonlocally as well, at ever increasing distances from me. I am imagining everything that is going on in a slice of the present—throughout the country, the planet, the universe. It’s all happening at once. I begin to collapse time, expanding the slice of the present, filling it with what has occurred in the immediate “past”. . . . The moment continues to grow, expand, fill, until it contains all things, all events. It is so full, so crowded, so thick, that everything begins to blend together. Distinctions blur. Boundaries melt away. Everything becomes increasingly homogeneous, like an infinite expanse of gelatin. My own boundaries dissolve. My individuality melts away. The moment is so full that there no longer are separate things. There is no-thing here. There are no distinctions. A very strong emotion overtakes me. Tears of wonder-joy fill my eyes. (Braud, 1995, pp. 64-65)
Anderson, R., & Braud, W. (2011). Transforming self and others through research: Transpersonal research methods and skills for the human sciences and humanities. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
Braud, W. G. (1995). An experience of timelessness. Exceptional Human Experience, 13, 64-66.
Braud, W., & Anderson, R. (1998). Transpersonal research methods for the social sciences: Honoring human experience. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
In Memoriam by Rosemarie Anderson
The Humanistic Psychologist, 41: 94–96, 2013
Copyright © Division 32 (Humanistic Psychology) of the American Psychological Association
ISSN: 0887-3267 print/1547-3333 online